Two factor Theory of Intelligence | Charles Spearmans | g factor | s factor | Spearmans | two factor | Theory of Intelligence | characteristics of g factor| characteristics of s factor, Skip to main content
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING | OPERANT CONDITIONING | CLASSICAL CONDITIONING |

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning 1.   The learner is not independent in this type of learning. 2.   Classical conditioning is restricted to animal learning only. 3.   Stimulus oriented. 4.  Learning through stimulus substitution.             5.   Behaviour is elicited. 6.   Reinforcement comes before the act. 7.   Response is forced. 8.   Developed by Russian (Pavlov) experiment. 1.   The learner is independent in this type of learning. 2.   Operant conditioning may be useful for the purpose of human learning also. 3.   Response oriented. 4.   Learning through response modification. 5.   Behaviour is emitted. 6.   Reinforcement comes after the act. 7.   Response is voluntary. 8.   Developed by American (Skinner) experiment   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Two factor Theory of Intelligence | Charles Spearmans | g factor | s factor | Spearmans | two factor | Theory of Intelligence | characteristics of g factor| characteristics of s factor,


Charles Spearman’s Two factor Theory of Intelligence:


According to him, the Intelligence consists of two factors. They are
  1. General factor (G – factor)
  2. Specific factor (S- factor)
                      S - Factor changes activity to activity. But G factor remains the same. If we consider one’s activity, it contains two factors. One is G - factor and another is S – factor.



Characteristics of G factor

  1. G – factor is universal and inborn, innate and inherited
  2. It is the general energy
  3. It is constant and remains the same.
  4. The quality if G factor differs from person to person
  5. It is used in every human activity.
  6. Greater the G factor greater will be the success in life.
Characteristics of S factor

  1. It is acquired or learned from the environment.
  2. It varies from activity to activity in the same person
  3. Individuals differ in the amount of S- ability.
Criticism
  1. He has used small samples to establish theory
  2. He has not used correct statistical techniques to establish the results. So the results were wrong.

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Notes By


Dr. A. Michael J Leo
Psychology Professor
St. Xavier's College of Education
Palayamkottai. 

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