Multiple Intelligence Theory by Howard Gardner | Theory by Howard Gardner | Multiple Intelligence | linguistic Intelligence | logical Intelligence | spatial Intelligence | musical Intelligence | interpersonal Intelligence| intra personal Intelligence | naturalistic Intelligence Skip to main content
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning 1.   The learner is not independent in this type of learning. 2.   Classical conditioning is restricted to animal learning only. 3.   Stimulus oriented. 4.  Learning through stimulus substitution.             5.   Behaviour is elicited. 6.   Reinforcement comes before the act. 7.   Response is forced. 8.   Developed by Russian (Pavlov) experiment. 1.   The learner is independent in this type of learning. 2.   Operant conditioning may be useful for the purpose of human learning also. 3.   Response oriented. 4.   Learning through response modification. 5.   Behaviour is emitted. 6.   Reinforcement comes after the act. 7.   Response is voluntary. 8.   Developed by American (Skinner) experiment   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Multiple Intelligence Theory by Howard Gardner | Theory by Howard Gardner | Multiple Intelligence | linguistic Intelligence | logical Intelligence | spatial Intelligence | musical Intelligence | interpersonal Intelligence| intra personal Intelligence | naturalistic Intelligence

Multiple Intelligence Theory by Howard Gardner:

Linguistic intelligence: (word smarts)

Linguistic Intelligence involves sensitivity to spoken and written language.  The ability to learn languages and the capacity to use language simply to do with words, spoken or written.  Intelligent people are typically good at reading, writing, telling stories and memorizing words and dates.  There are many ways of building linguistic intelligence through ICT such as
Ÿ  Changing the language of the user interface in windows.
Ÿ  Using a microphone to dictate text into documents.
Ÿ  Use tools such as document map, spell-check, Auto summarize, The Readability scores in word to help develop writing skills.

Logical mathematical intelligence(Number / reasoning smart)

Logical-mathematical Intelligence consist of the capacity to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issued scientifically.  This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking. Computers can used as an effective tool for developing the intelligence in the following ways.

Spatial intelligence: (picture smart)

It is the ability to visualize objects and spatial dimensions and create internal images and pictures.  It involves the potential to recognize and use the patterns of wide space and more confined areas.  There is a high correlation scene between the spatial and mathematical abilities.  This can be developed by
Ÿ  Create brainstorming diagram
Ÿ  To concentrate on painting graphics and design packages.
Ÿ  Visually display geographic data with map point.

Bodily – kinesthetic intelligence(body smart)

Bodily – Kinesthetic Intelligence entails the potential of using one’s whole body or parts of the body to solve problems.  It is the ability to use mental abilities to co-ordinate bodily movements.  The people who having this Intelligence may enjoy acting or performing and in general they are good at building and making things.

Ÿ  Use video or digital photos in power point to demonstrate.
Ÿ  Using Design and Technology
Ÿ  Pen based tablet Personal Computer applications can help to develop dexterity.
Ÿ  Get children to produce work in Design and Technology.

Musical intelligence(music smart)

Musical Intelligence involves skill in the performance, composition and appreciation of musical patterns.  It includes the capacity to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones and rhythms.  The people who have this intelligence have good pitch, and are able to sing, play music instruments and compose music.  These can be developed through the
Ÿ  Use of tablet personal computer composition tool to compose music
Ÿ  Use of Microsoft Direct music produces authoring tool.

Interpersonal intelligence(people smart)

Interpersonal Intelligence is concerned with the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations and desire of other people.  It allows people to work effectively with others.  People in this category will communicate effectively and empathize easily with others.  They typically learn best by working with others and enjoy discussion and debates.  This can be effectively improved through
Ÿ  email and web
Ÿ  video conferencing

Intra personal intelligence: (self smart)

Intrapersonal Intelligence entails the capacity to understand oneself, to appreciate one’s feelings, fears and motivation.  Those who are strongest in this intelligence are typically introverts and prefer to work alone.  They are usually high self aware and of understanding their own emotions, goals and motivations.  It can be developed by using the Encarta which provides a wealth of information and multimedia resources and enables children to learn independently.

Naturalistic intelligence(nature smart)

Naturalistic Intelligence involves in doing with nature, nurturing and classification.  This is the nearest of the intelligence and is not as widely accepted on the above seven.  Those who have this intelligence will good at recognizing and classifying different species.  It can be developed
Ÿ  Through the Tablet personal computers which are the great tool to take on field trips
Ÿ  To Know about digital microscopes and digital cameras.
Ÿ  To enables children to build databases of species and their characteristics using Microsoft access

Notes By

Dr. A. Michael J Leo
Psychology Professor
St. Xavier's College of Education