METHODS OF PSYCHOLOGY | INTERVIEW | types of interview | formats of interview | structured interview | unstructured interview | nonstandard interview | semi structured | steps in interview | Skip to main content
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING | OPERANT CONDITIONING | CLASSICAL CONDITIONING |

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning 1.   The learner is not independent in this type of learning. 2.   Classical conditioning is restricted to animal learning only. 3.   Stimulus oriented. 4.  Learning through stimulus substitution.             5.   Behaviour is elicited. 6.   Reinforcement comes before the act. 7.   Response is forced. 8.   Developed by Russian (Pavlov) experiment. 1.   The learner is independent in this type of learning. 2.   Operant conditioning may be useful for the purpose of human learning also. 3.   Response oriented. 4.   Learning through response modification. 5.   Behaviour is emitted. 6.   Reinforcement comes after the act. 7.   Response is voluntary. 8.   Developed by American (Skinner) experiment   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

METHODS OF PSYCHOLOGY | INTERVIEW | types of interview | formats of interview | structured interview | unstructured interview | nonstandard interview | semi structured | steps in interview |


INTERVIEW:


It is an effective device for collecting information from the concerned persons very effectively through face to face interactions.



Formats of Interview:


1.      Structured and Standardized 

2. Unstructured and Non-Standard 

3. Semi-structured


Structured and Standardized:


·           Selection of appropriate Questions will be clear

·           Deciding the order and sequence of the Questions earlier

·           The Expected answers on the lights of the objectives of the Interview

·           Ex: Survey, Job, Admission and Vocational


Unstructured and Non-Standard:


·        It will not have proper Objective

·        It may be Deeper and Divertive in nature

·        It will be going on based on then Need of the situation

·        The opportunity for Self-Expression to the Subject is assured


Semi Structured:

  A list of Key Questions
  A quick time for Deviation
  Ex: Chat Shows in TV


Steps for Interview


1. Preparation for the Interview: Framing Questions and order of the questions.

2. Taking an Interview: Here implementing the plan and execution of the Interview as per the schedule

3. Closure of the Interview: The attempt is made to get the desirable answers and conclusions based on the discussions and critical questions.


Advantages

·         Face-to-face contact and relationship is possible

·         Reliable, First hand and Confidential Information are possible

·         Flexible in terms of explanation, objective and adjustment


Disadvantages

·         It develops an Artificial Situation

·         It may be Subjective due to the bias of the interviewer

·         Competent Interviewer is always a demand

·         This method is costly in terms of labour, time and money.


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Notes By

Dr. A. Michael J Leo
Psychology Professor
St. Xavier's College of Education
Palayamkottai. 

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