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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING | OPERANT CONDITIONING | CLASSICAL CONDITIONING |


DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING


Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
1. The learner is not independent in this type of learning.
2. Classical conditioning is restricted to animal learning only.
3. Stimulus oriented.
4. Learning through stimulus substitution.           
5. Behaviour is elicited.
6. Reinforcement comes before the act.
7. Response is forced.
8. Developed by Russian (Pavlov) experiment.
1. The learner is independent in this type of learning.
2. Operant conditioning may be useful for the purpose of human learning also.
3. Response oriented.
4. Learning through response modification.
5. Behaviour is emitted.
6. Reinforcement comes after the act.
7. Response is voluntary.
8. Developed by American (Skinner) experiment

 


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Notes By

Dr. A. Michael J Leo
Assistant Professor in Education,
St. Xavier's College of Education (Autonomous),
Palayamkottai. 

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